first_imgStudents build Minecraft towers during Ocean City Primary School’s event, “Get Off Your Apps.” (photos by Lesley Graham) By Lesley GrahamIn the game app Fruit Ninja, players use their finger to swipe a variety of fruits that pop up across the screen of a phone, iPad or tablet.Until Tuesday night, that is.Fruit Ninja and other popular video game apps came to life at Ocean City Primary School thanks to first grade teacher, Carrie Merritt.Merritt, the Cape May County Teacher of the Year, was awarded a grant from the National PTA to get kids up and moving.Ocean City was one of 15 schools awarded the “Get Off Your Apps” physical activity grant.Students participate in the Minecraft station.Merritt incorporates physical activity and movement into her every day classroom activities, and Tuesday’s event was no different.Cathleen Smith, the Ocean City Primary School principal, said Merritt is a very energetic teacher.“She brings innovate ideas with a healthy twist to bring families together learning healthy ways to get up and get moving,” Smith said.“I teach in a very thematic way, so my brain went to incorporating the apps into the activities.  Everything tonight is stations in which they will bring video games and apps to life,” Merritt said.There were 10 different stations featuring games such as Mario Kart, Angry Birds, Minecraft and others.A student runs through the Super Mario obstacle course.Kindergarteners and first graders enjoyed the stations from 6 p.m. to 7 p.m., while second and third graders played from 7 p.m. to 8 p.m.The stations were manned by Ocean City High School students who said they enjoyed their time volunteering for the night.Megan Cowan, a ninth grader at the high school, was stationed at Pac Man.“The world revolves so much around social media and screens that it’s important to remember to have face to face interactions. That is what tonight is all about,” Cowan said.Not only did the kids enjoy their favorite video games coming to life, but parents were encouraged to get involved as well.Shannon McAllister and her son, Brayden, who is in the first grade, had fun at the stations.“I liked Minecraft the best because I like to build things,” said Brayden, as he stood over his giant tower. “And knock them down.”His mother said, “I knew he would have a blast. It was a great opportunity for him to see the games he plays come to life.”Parent Erica Schaffer runs through the Mario obstacle course.Erica Schaffer, a mother of three, brought her children for the family-night out to reinforce that life is so much more than just screens.As a former physical education teacher herself, she said she believes it’s critical to be more active and do things every day that not only involve physical activity, but brain power as well.“It was great to see them create their own video game,” Schaffer said. Her son, Leo Schaffer, a kindergartner, enjoyed Fruit Ninja the best, because he likes fruit.  But also, more importantly, likes being a ninja. “It was an awesome opportunity and activity for the entire family,” said Tameka McKeiver. Her children, Zy’Rainalyn Rogers, 7, Raymond Rogers II, 5, and Kambriella Rogers, 4, enjoyed the stations set up around the gym.  Student Zy’Rainalyn Rogers flips burgers in “Fly Burger.”“I try to set good examples for them,” McKeiver said. “We eat healthy and stay active, so it’s always nice when the school reiterates those same qualities we teach at home.”Merritt said she hoped the event would encourage everyone to come together as a community and see the benefit of physical movement.  “Movement is a big part of my teaching practice. I really believe integrating movement into the classroom boosts cognitive power,” she said in between running to different stations. “It really helps motivate students to learn. But tonight, it’s all about how movement can be fun, fitness can be fun.” Schools Superintendent Kathleen Taylor called Merritt a creative, innovative and energetic teacher.  “I am so proud of Carrie,” said Taylor, who attended the program. “She was one of my first hires and it has been a pleasure to watch her blossom into an amazing teacher, with such an amazing event.”last_img read more

first_img “The business philosophy is that we don’t buy value, we create value. Spending a bunch of money on players isn’t creating value. “We’re probably the only club that spends less than 50 per cent of our budget on players. “Most of them are probably 80 to 90 percent.” And the deal for Balotelli would fit into that model due to the lack of transfer fee, although the much-traveled frontman is expected to demand a hefty wage package. Brescia appear desperate to get him off their books, with Cellino admitting it was a “mistake” to sign him. read also:Sidelined Mario Balotelli may settle for Serie C side Como Cellino said back in May: “He no longer has his head with us and I am taking his departure for granted. “It’s not necessarily different to what he’s always done in his career – he’s just a bit anarchic.” Balotelli has scored five goals in 19 appearances for Brescia this campaign. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Promoted Content5 Of The World’s Most Unique Theme ParksTop 10 TV Characters Meant To Be IconicDisney’s Live-Action Simba Was Based On The Cutest Lion Cub Ever10 Risky Jobs Some Women DoBirds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For ThemRyan Reynolds Does The Bottle Cup Challenge (You Better See This)What Is A Black Hole And Is It Dangerous For Us All?Best Car Manufacturers In The WorldThe Highest Paid Football Players In The WorldThe Funniest Prankster Grandma And Her Grandson8 Fascinating Facts About CoffeeYou’ve Only Seen Such Colorful Hairdos In A Handful Of Anime Mario Balotelli is in talks with Italian third-tier outfit Como over a potential transfer move. The former Manchester City and Liverpool star is due to be released by Brescia just 12 months into his three-year deal. Massimo Cellino, the Serie A side’s owner, had a public falling out with the 29-year-old and now wants to activate a clause in his contract that enables him to rip up his deal after a season. Now with Balotelli set to become a free agent, ambitious Serie C club Como have moved quickly to try and pull off a huge coup. Como chief executive Michael Gandler told Football Italia: “There’s been some contact between the two parties. “His representatives sat down to listen to us. I can’t say any more than that.” Como’s new owner Robert Budi Hartono is believed to have an estimated fortune of around £14billion. He has lofty ambitions to take the club into the top-flight and feels Balotelli is the man to fire them there. Gandler previously said: “Serie A is definitely the goal, however, it’s not an ownership group that’s just going to throw money at the problem.Advertisementcenter_img Loading… last_img read more

first_img Source: BBC Jeffrey Schlupp struck in the second half as 10-man Crystal Palace beat Bournemouth to move up to fifth in the Premier League.The hosts lost Mamadou Sakho early in the first half when he was sent off for a high challenge on Adam Smith.Bournemouth dominated possession from that point but failed to make the most of their man advantage as they rarely tested Vicente Guaita in the Palace goal.Philip Billing hit a shot straight at Guaita at the end of the first half, while Dominic Solanke just failed to connect with a dangerous low ball shortly after the restart.It appeared as though the first Premier League match to be broadcast on Amazon Prime would end goalless, but instead the hosts snatched victory when Schlupp, on as a first-half substitute for the injured Patrick van Aanholt, weaved his way through the Bournemouth defence before tucking home a low shot.After a run of five games without victory, Palace have now won their last two having also beaten Burnley 2-0 at the weekend.Defeat for Bournemouth was their fourth in a row and leaves them in 12th.last_img read more

first_imgGhana midfielder Ahmed Barusso is yearning for a call up to the Black Stars after a five-year absence to help the team qualify for Brazil 2014.The 28-year-old, currently on loan at Italian Serie B side Novara, wants to be involved with the Black Stars again to contribute his share as a Ghanaian playing abroad.The midfielder has been consistently solid with Novara and has been a major subject in many Italian tabloids. His side placed ninth in the league table with 35 points after twenty eight matches.“I am ready to serve my nation again as I did in 2008 when we hosted the AFCON in Ghana. I have been playing well since I joined Novara and I have been consistent and if the FA gives me an opportunity to come join the team, I will display what am made of to the whole country just for the Black Stars to qualify for a third World Cup,” he told Joy Sports.The former Roma midfielder was traded to Novara after sitting out a series of games due to injuries that he attributed to the club’s synthetic pitch.last_img read more

first_imgPLAYA VISTA >> Not to be overly sensational, but if this works out, they might want to consider using Jerry West’s silhouette as the logo for life itself.The most famous outline in NBA history and one of the league’s predominant championship architects, West has agreed to join a construction project still maddeningly incomplete after nearly five decades.“Fear of failure is the worst possible fear you can have,” West said Monday after being introduced as the Clippers’ most celebrated consultant ever. “I’m not afraid of anything.”Clearly not, a man who has won everything willingly becoming part of a franchise that has won nothing. He detailed the agony involved in saying goodbye to Golden State in part because “no one’s going to beat (the Warriors) for a couple years, if they stay healthy.”West also talked about his desire “to work for the worst team in basketball in a small market,” which led to him helping turn once-vagabond Memphis into a playoff-caliber operation.“That’s the ultimate test of a person,” he said, “to see if you do have anything.”Really? Because I’m thinking the Clippers are the ultimate test by just about every definition, this being a franchise that might actually be, you know, cursed.Now, I have serious doubts that it was the presence of West that convinced Kevin Durant to sign with the Warriors last summer, not when the team also boasted the presence of Steph Curry, Klay Thompson and Draymond Green.There is, however, no questioning the validity and expertise West immediately provides the Clippers, a team hardly famous for compiling an abundance of credibility over the years.The challenges before the Clippers include the reality of everything they do being viewed within the context of the Lakers, few things more so than the hiring of West.A Lakers icon, West hasn’t been with the team for 17 years. Yet, his connection remains so current that just seeing him sitting in front of the Clippers’ logo Monday was disorienting.The truth is before long everyone will set aside this announcement and refocus on the Lakers’ upcoming No. 2 draft pick. And, by before long, I mean you’ve already gone back to thinking about Lonzo Ball, haven’t you?Well, stop it. This column still has 12 paragraphs to go, and I’m determined to keep the Clippers as the main topic.West first officially met with team officials three weeks ago, the Clippers quickly putting together a remarkable coup, especially for a franchise that has been at this 47 seasons and still hasn’t come close to figuring it out.“I left somewhere that was really safe, too,” Coach Doc Rivers said, referring to his previous job in Boston and how he sold the Clippers to West. “You know, let’s keep taking chances. I think we can build something great here.”Rivers has been criticized for many of his personnel decisions, the executive in him unable to provide the coach in him the necessary roster to push the Clippers over the hump.Wait, hump? Who are we kidding? The obstacle the Clippers have been trying to clear has grown into a mountain, the sort that can’t be summited without auxiliary oxygen.This team has advanced to the playoffs in each of the past six seasons, at which point the Clippers have encountered adversity ranging from the comical to the calamitous.The addition of West no question makes the Clippers smarter, Rivers today, as a basketball operations boss, better than he was yesterday, better than he ever has been, in fact.But no one in the front office was going to prevent Chris Paul from imploding in the closing minute at Oklahoma City in 2014 or the Clippers from blowing a 3-1 series lead to Houston in 2015 or any of the various fractures, breaks and strains that have helped trash this team’s recent springs.The Clippers, like few franchises in sports now that the Chicago Cubs are champions again, need all the help they can get, this organization still somehow having never won as many as two playoff series in one season.The current Clippers also face uncertainty as it relates to the possible free-agent futures of Paul and Blake Griffin and, like every team in the league, the genuine possibility that Golden State is committed to consuming this sport whole.West helped construct those Warriors, a near-perfect collection of talent and unselfishness he now must attempt to beat.“If you don’t have a reason for getting up in the morning, you better go back and stick your head in the house,” West said. “I’m not going to do that. Period. That’s not me.”No, that’s not Jerry West, a self-described crazy man whose brilliant NBA career just took its least likely and most unconventional turn yet. Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Errorcenter_img Just the same, right here at the top, I’d like to note that it was West who, during his introductory news conference, called himself “crazy.”He is simply the most valuable 79-year-old in the history of the NBA, a man hired just to share his opinion being trumpeted for his ability to now make a tangible difference.“I’ve never been conventional,” West said as to why someone would leave the two-time NBA champion Warriors for the all-time NBA also-ran Clippers.He noted that he retired as a Laker in 1974 when he felt it was time even though he “would have been the highest-paid player in the league.”He explained that he departed from the Lakers as an executive in 2000 after winning another NBA title – his seventh overall – despite knowing “they were going to win more.”last_img read more

first_img Lokomotiv Moscow striker Oumar Niasse 1 Everton are edging closer to the deadline day signing of Lokomotiv Moscow striker Oumar Niasse after he arrived on Merseyside for a medical.It is understood the Toffees have had a £13.5million bid accepted for the 25-year-old Senegal international and that he is currently at the club’s Finch Farm training ground to discuss personal terms.Niasse has scored 12 goals in 21 games this season and would come in as a replacement for Steven Naismith, who was sold to Norwich for £8.5m earlier in the window.Niasse is likely to be the only player arriving before Monday’s transfer deadline, although the club have confirmed the exit of winger Aiden McGeady, who has joined Championship side Sheffield Wednesday on loan.last_img

first_img19 January 2004“When you head off for your first meal or pub experience, carry as much money as you are prepared to lose (in your pocket), and more in your socks for the taxi home – maybe they won’t find it.”It was advice like this – from Lonely Planet’s 2002 guide to South Africa – that made Olav Andre Manum, a Norwegian journalist flying to Joburg, frantically summons the air-hostess for another glass of wine.Accompanying his partner, Arne Grønningsæter, for a two-year work stint to Johannesburg, Manum was already feeling apprehensive before he and Grønningsæter set off.After reading Lonely Planet’s section “Surviving Johannesburg’s Dangers and Annoyances” on the plane, he felt like taking the next one back to Norway.“Everyone told me I shouldn’t go, that Joburg was a dangerous, ugly place.” But when Grønningsæter had an offer to head up a social research unit here, and Manum had the chance to go somewhere new, they decided to “brave it”.Exploring the inner cityManum laughs when he remembers how tentatively he began to explore his surroundings. “It took us weeks to venture into the inner city. It was supposed to be so dangerous, but there were things we had to see at the Market Theatre.”Since then, Manum hasn’t looked back. One delightful discovery after another has whet his appetite and, accompanied by new friends, he has already explored much of the length and breadth of the city, venturing also into Alexandra, Soweto and KwaThema.“At first, just going into Nicki’s Oasis, near the Market Theatre, felt very adventurous. I was so paranoid I was looking over my shoulder most of the time.”Soon Manum began to relax and explore, discovering other Newtown landmarks like the Bus Factory, Kippies and other jazz clubs and shebeens. Since he doesn’t drive, he spends much of his time walking to various destinations.“I found the people very friendly, very easy to get into conversation with. I started talking to them, hearing their stories. They were interested in me, I was interested in them. I started discovering the tremendous history and diversity and all the fascinating things this city has to offer. I just took to the place.”In fact, such a champion of the city has he become, and so zealous is he to dispel the myths surrounding it, that Manum is writing his own travel book on Johannesburg to tell cosseted Norwegians what they’re missing out on.Manum’s descriptions of his explorations to friends back home have led to queries from them and more exploration on his part. Now he’s on a mission to excavate as much as he can.Dispelling myths about Joburg“There is so much still to find out about. Once you start exploring you realise that Joburg emerges as a vibrant, culturally rich and diverse city with a most fascinating history.“You have black, white, Indian, Muslim, Jewish . this is something I’m really not used to. It struck me that if I could dispel the myths about Joburg it would be a good thing.”In an article about Johannesburg published recently in the Mail & Guardian, Manum wrote that “the city should sue Lonely Planet for slander. I’ll take the witness stand in favour of Johannesburg any time.” Lonely Planet’s updated edition on South Africa is due out in November this year.Manum doesn’t deny that crime is an issue. He and his friends were robbed at gunpoint in the inner city recently, when he was taking them on a tour of some of Joburg’s Art Deco buildings.It happened so fast he didn’t have time to be afraid. “Crime is a fact of life,” he says philosophically. He cites the work done by people like his friend Bulldog Ratokulu, a police reservist and crime fighter in Alexandra, as one example of ordinary resident’s attempts to help combat crime.“More social justice and more distribution of wealth would also go a long way towards solving the crime problem. The city is trying to do this, but of course it’s a slow process.”He has enjoyed visiting other parts of the country, but Johannesburg still tops his list.Although Manum and his partner are due back in Norway in May, they may set up a base here, since they intend to return. “It may sound corny,” laughs Manum, “but Joburg has touched my heart.”Source: City of Johannesburg websitelast_img read more

first_img11 June 2012The Springboks gave Heynecke Meyer a winning start in his first match as national coach, beating England 22-17 at Kings Park in Durban on Saturday evening.It was a tight contest and the teams were level at half-time, but the Boks lifted their game in the second half to pull away from the tourists, who scored a late consolation try to pull within seven points of the home side.After the game, Meyer admitted that he had delivered a half-time blast to his charges, which clearly had the desired effect, as South Africa dominated the third quarter of the contest to pull clear.“At some stages I really thought we played great rugby,” he said after the test. “We moved the ball around and I was happy with the result, but we butchered one or two tries and you need to finish those in test match rugby.‘Very high standards’“I think that this team has been so great from the start, they have got very high standards, so, although there were some hard words, they knew that they had to step up in the second half.”Assessing England’s performance, Meyer said: “I thought that England were brillant in the way that they put pressure on the nine [scrumhalf], and they pressed very hard in midfield, so we made a few changes to our tactical kicking in the second half, which worked.“I thought the first 20 minutes they pressed very hard and we should have played more tactically, but the plan was always to open up the game in the second half.“I thought England’s tactical kicking was much better than ours in the first half, they put the ball in behind us and moved us around, so we couldn’t get any quick ball or momentum, but once we changed things in the second half, it went much better.”ScrumsThe Springboks’ tight scrums, especially, were impressive as the front row of Beast Mtawarira, Bismarck du Plessis and Jannie du Plessis ruled the roost. Later, replacements Coenie Oosthuizen and Adriaan Strauss ensured the Springboks remained in the ascendancy.All three South African debutants – Marcell Coetzee, Eben Etzebeth and Juandre Kruger – delivered in their first matches in the green and gold.Importantly, the more established players showed strong leadership and contributed significantly to the South African victory, with men such as captain Jean de Villiers, Bryan Habana and Francois Steyn standing out.England competed intensely at the breakdowns in the first half and did a good job of making matters difficult for the Springboks, but once the Boks started protecting their own ball better and challenging the English ball more effectively, they were able to play more of the game on the front foot.Flyhalf Morne Steyn, very unusually for him, had an off day with the boot in windy conditions. Had he kicked to his usual high standards, the game would not have been as close as the final scoreline suggests it was.The matchEarly on, Habana launched a good counter-attack after fielding a kick. The ball was moved wide to Pietersen, but the big wing was forced into touch.A couple of minutes later, England were awarded a penalty after the Boks were blown up for playing the ball on the ground at a ruck. Owen Farrell took a shot at goal and was successful, putting the tourists into a 3-0 lead.In the 12th minute, flank Willem Alberts made a strong break from a ruck after Habana had put good pressure on fullback Mike Brown from a high-up-and-under launched by flyhalf Steyn. When Alberts went to ground, the English slowed the South African ball and referee Steve Walsh awarded a penalty against them.LevelMorne Steyn was on target with his kick at goal and the sides were level at 3-3.England hit the front once more in the 27th minute after winning a penalty at a breakdown and Farrell again hit the target.South Africa stormed back onto the attack and within three minutes were on level terms once more thanks to a Morne Steyn penalty.Just before the break, Steyn had an opportunity to put South Africa in front, but a shot of goal drifted well wide of the right hand upright.Springbok tryThe Springboks upped their intensity in the second half and it paid off after eight minutes when Morne Steyn went over for a try. It began when captain De Villiers made good ground up the left flank. The ball was then brought back to the right where Alberts broke through a tackle before finding Jannie Du Plessis on the charge.The big prop barrelled towards the tryline, but was stopped just five metres short of the whitewash. Etzebeth did well to make some ground from slow ball and then Patrick Lambie, on for Zane Kirchner, was stopped mere centimetres short of the line.Francois Hougaard was then stopped and Beast Mtawarira came within sniffing distance of the line. The ball was moved right again and Morne Steyn, with JP Pietersen outside of him, sold a dummy before going over for the five-pointer. His conversion attempt passed to the left of the posts and South Africa led 11-6.The men in green and gold had a chance to extend their lead when they won a penalty 10 metres out and right in front of the posts, but scrumhalf Hougaard inexplicably took a quick penalty instead of the almost certain three points, which left coach Meyer gesturing unhappily towards the field.Second tryOn the hour mark, Francois Steyn fielded a high-up-and-under from England scrumhalf Ben Youngs midway between the English 22-metre line and the 10-metre line. He neatly off-loaded to Habana, who hit the ball at speed.When he was tackled midway inside the English 22, Ruan Pienaar, on for Hougaard, moved the ball swiftly to the right. De Villiers received it in space, pinned his ears back, cut in slightly and bashed his way over the line for the Springboks’ second try.South Africa led 16-6 after Steyn missed the conversion, but England were soon within seven points when Farrell slotted a third penalty to make it 16-9.Two penalties by Steyn followed in the next 10 minutes, leaving South Africa 22-12 ahead with only two minutes to play.England tryWith time up, England finally crossed the Springboks’ tryline. They made ground into the South African 22 and forced a ruck before passing the ball out wide to Ben Foden, who crashed over in the corner despite a desperate tackle attempt by Francois Steyn.Farrell’s attempt to go five from five in the difficult kicking conditions was wide and the final whistle sounded with South Africa 22-17 winners.It was hard-hitting contest and unfortunately for England’s South African-born centre Brad Barritt, formerly of the Sharks, he was one of two big casualties for England on the day.SurgeryBarritt suffered a lacerated eyeball, which required surgery. He is, however, expected to be fit for the third test. Fullback Mike Brown injured a thumb and will miss the rest of the series.Zane Kirchner’s fitness is questionable after he injured a knee.The Springboks and England next meet on Saturday at Coca-Cola Park in Johannesburg. Before that, the tourists play a midweek match against the SA Barbarians South in Kimberley on Wednesday.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

first_imgSouth Africa has a coastline of some 3 650 kilometres and an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of just over a million square kilometres.(Image: mediaclubsouthafrica.com) Dr Bjorn Backberg, Co-director of Nansen Tutu Centre.(Image: Dr Bjorn Backberg)MEDIA CONTACTS • Dr Bjorn BackebergCo-director, Nansen Tutu Centre+27 9(0)21 650 3281.Rudo MungoshiIn a global environment characterised by the growing role of science, the Nansen-Tutu Centre for Marine Environmental Research is slowly enhancing knowledge of marine science, a subject that is widely misunderstood by many in South Africa.“Our biggest impact on South Africa is through education and training of students, advancing the understanding of the regional ocean and climate systems,” explains Dr Bjorn Backeberg, co-director at of the centre. “This is achieved through supervision and mentorship of postgraduate students and providing finance for students to study.”The centre is a joint venture between, amongst others, the Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre in Norway and South African partners. It is based in the Department of Oceanography at the University of Cape Town (UCT) and operates as a programme complementing the development of the South African marine research framework. It is funded by Norway and South African sources, and is under the management and financial control of UCT.Explaining the reasoning behind establishing the Nansen-Tutu Centre, it says: “Africa juts into the Indian, South Atlantic and Southern oceans with cool and warm oceans juxtaposed, giving rise to unique marine and land ecosystems with high biodiversity, rich fisheries and superb natural resources. It is therefore important that we develop the capacity for understanding and predicting the state of the ocean and its ecosystems as the meteorological services do for the weather.”Academic productivityAlready seven students from the centre have graduated from UCT since 2010. “In addition, the centre’s staff supervise and co-supervise at BSc Honours, MSc and PhD level and teach in the university’s undergraduate and postgraduate programmes,” says Backeberg. “With only 12 staff members, including full-time and part-time staff, we punch above our weight in terms of academic productivity.”It was named after South Africa Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu and Norwegian scientist, explorer and diplomat Fridtjof Nansen. It studies and develops models for the three oceans associated with South Africa – the Indian, the Atlantic and the Southern. The oceanographic regime around South Africa is dominated by two major current systems: the cold Benguela Current along the Atlantic coast to the west, and the warm Agulhas Current along the Indian coast to the east.The centre is the fifth in the international Nansen research group, each of which has a different focus. The other four centres are located in Bergen, Norway, opened in 1986; St Petersburg, Russia, opened in 1992; Kochi, India, opened in 1998; and Beijing, China, opened in 2003. The Cape Town centre was opened in 2010, and quite recently another centre was established in Bangladesh.Research in numerical modelling of the regional oceans, ocean atmosphere and regional sea level variability, regional ocean data assimilation using the hybrid co-ordinate ocean models and global change are also being undertaken at the centre. Backeberg points out that it is the only place in South Africa where marine data assimilation is being developed. This concept refers to the technique of combining ocean models with observations, a necessary tool to predict the state of the ocean.Operational oceanographyIt is also working to introduce operational oceanography in Southern Africa. Operational oceanography is the monitoring and forecasting of the three-dimensional ocean state (temperature, salinity and pressure) and currents for short-range timescales out to one month. “This will include commencing the forecasting of various ocean phenomena such as sea state, ocean currents, sea surface temperatures, and wave information in a form that will be useful to many stakeholders.”Despite its successes, the centre still faces a number of challenges, such as changing the mindset of people towards marine science in general. Awareness and science communication remains a major challenge, and communicating scientific research to laymen and policy makers needs to be addressed, he insists.“The absence of a clear and well-defined career path in marine science tends to result in a limited number of students studying marine science and oceanography, especially students from previously disadvantaged backgrounds. This makes transformation in science very challenging.”Marine science requires students to have taken mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology and geography at high school level. “However, we are increasingly finding that the level of high school mathematics and physics in particular is not appropriate for students to study science at university level,” Backeberg adds.Yet the centre has managed to provide financial support for disadvantaged students to study marine science. “Students and scientists at the centre are given the opportunity to collaborate with the centre’s international network of partners to gain experience.”South African coastlineSouth Africa has a coastline of some 3 650 kilometres and an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of just over a million square kilometres. Waters in the EEZ extend to a depth of 5 700 metres, with more than 65% deeper than 2 000 metres.Despite its status as a developing nation, South Africa has a relatively strong history of marine taxonomic research and maintains comprehensive and well-curated museum collections totalling over 291 000 records. Over three million locality records from more than 23 000 species have been lodged in the regional African Ocean Biogeographic Information System (AfrOBIS) data centre, which stores data from a wider African region.The goal of the Nansen-Tutu Centre is “to improve the capacity to observe, understand and predict marine ecosystem variability on timescales from days to decades in support of scientific and societal needs including fisheries, coastal management, maritime security, recreation and tourism”. To meet this goal, one of its core activities is the education and exchange of young researchers and students from different cultures and countries through the Nansen-Tutu Scholarship Programme.“There is a worldwide need to understand, model and predict conditions in the ocean as the meteorological services do for the weather,” says the centre. “This is done by satellite and in-water observations with data being collected and used in mathematical models in real time – this is what we call operational oceanography.”The South African Operational Oceanography Committee has been convened to put this into practice. It has four sub-groups: in situ observations; satellite observations; ocean modelling; and data dissemination.last_img read more

first_imgWhen to save old windowsOne of the most wonderful aspects of our local architecture is its historic windows with their characteristic divided lite panes and historic glass. They are not only visually appealing, but their design and craftsmanship make them worthy of preservation. Unfortunately, because they are single-glazed and often in disrepair, they are also one of the largest sources of heat loss in winter and a major source of heat gain in the summer. The windows alone can be responsible for 25 to 50 percent of the energy used to heat and cool homes!… There is a point when the condition of the window clearly indicates that a replacement is necessary. When considering replacement windows, it is important to not only consider their energy efficiency, but also their appearance in terms of the pattern of the proportions of their frame and sash, the configuration of the window panes, muntin profiles, types of wood and characteristics of the glass. Search for a replacement that retains as much of the character of the historic window as possible. Juli MacDonald is an architect and accredited LEED professional who worked in Chicago for 20 years before relocating to the East Coast and eventually opening her own firm in Amesbury, Massachusetts, in 2007.Later that year she started writing the GreenBridge blog. It’s named after her firm, which concentrates on residential additions and remodels.GreenBridge Blog is a mix of project descriptions, “sustainability and efficiency” entries, which covers such topics as insulation, home office planning and green roofs, and a shorter travelogue section that details places she’s visited or conferences she’s attended.There’s nothing stiff or pedantic about the entries. MacDonald writes just enough about herself and her family to provide personal context, but does not wander so far afield we wish she’s get back on topic.The project list isn’t huge, but there are some interesting entries, including one called the “Garbage Garage.” The handsome building looks conventional, until you get into the details and find out its lower walls are rammed-earth tires, and that light in the upper gable ends comes from glass bottles laid up like cordwood and mortared in place. A visiting team from Guatemala called Long Way Home took part in the project.Another is Lamorna Cottage after a 1880s farmhouse that MacDonald and her family seem to have bought this past summer in Rockland, Maine. We’ll be traveling along as they bring the house back into livable shape.There also are links to companies that might be of interest to anyone building in New England, including Andros Energy (renewable energy systems), the Green Cocoon (insulation), and JF Jewett Farms & Co. (cabinetmakers).Here are a few excerpts: Why we should talk about toiletsWhen I first started working as an architectural intern in Rockford, Illinois, Larry, the curmudgeonly head draftsman, loved teasing me about my main job of drawing toilet rooms. He didn’t let me say ‘bathroom,’ insisting that I say ‘toilet.’ He was right – we were working on commercial toilet rooms and nobody was taking baths there… Well, it’s been a lot of years, and now I’ve got a lot to say about toilets – Do you want your toilet in a separate room? Do you like an elongated bowl for comfort? What do you think of the water-saving dual-flush models? Do you have young sons?Discussing the toilet still isn’t my favorite part of the bath design process, but it’s important, because habits and details make all the difference in a successful bathroom. I resolveOn December 12th [2009], my family lost my Grandmother, Eleanor Phillips, who lived in Fort Dodge, Iowa. I was lucky enough to be able to spend some precious time with her during her last days in the hospital. During part of that time, my cousins and I pored over Grandma’s various journals, letters and photos, and we got a wonderful sense of the fullness of her life and the way she lived and adapted throughout her 88 years.In one letter to her sister written in the 50s, she talked about ripping down discarded clothing to make braided rugs. Her journals and autobiographies described her huge love of gardening and enjoyment of the harvests. She was a farmer’s daughter, one of 6 children who knew what sharing and making-do meant, and who also knew to not leave the table without asking one sibling or parent to guard her plate. Her fondest memories of her mother included her ability to whip up the most amazing donuts for the family and to make a dress for my grandmother the night before she wore it to a dance.It was clear that she had a happy childhood – she carried a 80-year-old snapshot of a family Sunday picnic in her wallet, and in her writing she often described her many memories of her parents hugging and kissing, and her father’s desolation when her mother died at a very young age. She remembered her and her siblings’ excitement at seeing their single gift and one orange next to their plates Christmas morning.So, my resolution? To continue to carry my grandma and her lessons with me. Embrace simple and good living, enjoy family and seek happiness in the smallest things. She didn’t live her life with the intent of being ‘green’ or ‘sustainable,’ but her way of life was what so many of us strive for today. Reuse and salvageOne of my fondest memories of living in Chicago was ‘shopping’ in the alleys. My quickest walk to the train was down our 3 block alley: on one side were condo buildings and the on the other were single-family homes. It worked this way – if you didn’t want something anymore, you left it in the alley, NEXT to the garbage, sometimes with a note, and it was usually gone in a few hours. Through the years I collected a great variety of treasures. Among them: lamps, a desk, many, many chairs, my now favorite cookbook. My goal wasn’t to be green, but it really was an efficient (cheap!) and practical system.Now I use Freecycle. If you haven’t checked them out, give them a try – it is basically a local list-serve where members post items they want to give away or items they’d like to receive. It works similarly to shopping in the Chicago alley, but is a bit more civilized.In construction, the act of restoring or remodeling a home is a form of reuse and salvage. Preservation instead of demolition and new construction saves in energy and materials consumption and reduces demolition landfill. There is a great opportunity in salvaging and reusing materials for remodeling and even new construction projects, if you are aware and know where to look.last_img read more